Diabetes can cause diabetic retinopathy, an eye condition that can impair vision and even blindness. Blood vessels in the retina are affected (the light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of your eye).
If you have diabetes, it's critical to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam performed at least once a year. Even while diabetic retinopathy may not at first show any symptoms, spotting it early may allow you to take preventative measures to protect your eyesight.
You can prevent or delay vision loss by controlling your diabetes by staying active, eating well, and taking your medications.
“All diabetics must consider retinopathy seriously, and should religiously get themselves examined by a retina specialist at least once in 6 months as long as they have not developed any evidence of diabetic retinopathy and more frequently thereafter.
Vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy should be termed as Unfortunate Blindness, as it could have been saved in a majority of cases. Awareness of this disease has definitely improved since the past, but we still have a long way to go in managing this potentially blinding disorder. Scientific advances and the use of latest equipment at GEI, has helped several diabetics in maintain good vision for long term and prevent visual loss.”
Dr. Anshul Goyal
Cataract and Retina Surgeon (CEO)
There are typically no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. Some individuals get visual problems, which can make it difficult for them to read or see faraway things. These adjustments could come and go.
Blood vessels in the retina begin to bleed into the retinal in later stages of the disease (gel-like fluid that fills your eye). If this occurs, you might notice cobweb-like black, floaty areas or streaks. Even while the spots occasionally disappear on their own, it's still important to get medical help as soon as possible. If the condition is not treated, scarring could form in the back of the eye. Additionally, blood vessels may start to bleed once again or the bleeding may worsen.
Over time, having too much sugar in your blood can cause the minuscule blood capillaries that feed the retina to become blocked, severing the retina's blood supply. As a result, the eye makes an effort to produce new blood vessels. These new blood vessels don't develop properly, and they are quite likely to leak.
Diabetic retinopathy comes in two different forms:
Diabetes can cause diabetic retinopathy in anyone with the disease. The following factors can raise the chance of developing the eye condition:
Diabetic retinopathy can affect persons with any kind of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (a type of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy).
Diabetes increases your risk the longer you have it. Over time, more than half of those with diabetes will develop diabetic retinopathy. The good news is that by managing your diabetes, you can reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetes-afflicted women who get pregnant or develop gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. If you have diabetes and are expecting, get a comprehensive dilated eye exam right away. If you think you'll need more eye exams while you're pregnant, ask your doctor.
Vitreous haemorrhage:The clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the centre of your eye may leak from the new blood vessels. If there is little bleeding, you could just notice a few dark dots (floaters). Blood can fill the vitreous cavity in more severe situations, completely obstructing your vision. A vitreous haemorrhage usually does not cause irreversible vision loss. The blood normally leaves the eye within a few weeks or months. If your retina wasn't injured, your vision should have recovered to its normal clarity.
Retinal detachment:The abnormal blood vessels linked to diabetic retinopathy promote the development of scar tissue, which may cause the retina to pull away from the back of the eye. Bright flashes, floating dots in your field of vision, or severe vision loss could result from this.
Glaucoma:As new blood vessels develop in the iris, the front portion of the eye, they may obstruct the fluid's usual passage out of the eye, increasing pressure inside the eye.This pressure may damage the nerve that transmits images from your eye to your brain (optic nerve).
Blindness:Complete vision loss can result from diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, glaucoma, or a combination of these illnesses, particularly if the conditions are not properly managed.
Goyal Eye Institute began with a humble beginning in 1989, and has now progressed to provide personalized and inclusive care for entre range of Ophthalmic specialties.
The Centre has highly competent and experienced Ophthalmic Super Specialists to provide best quality care under one roof. Our Specialists form various clinics work closely as a team to provide comprehensive.
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