Diabetes affects the blood pipes from head to toe. Damage to the pipes supplying blood to the retina causes Diabetic Retinopathy, a serious and potentially blinding disorder
Any diabetic patient might develop retinopathy. The longer you have diabetes, the higher the risk
Retinopathy starts in areas away from that responsible for central fine vision and involves them as the disease progresses; thus sparing fine vision in the initial stages. Hence the disease goes un-noticed until advanced; and once vision loss has started then it indicates that the disease is already advanced
The development and progression of diabetic retinopathy is multifactorial. Blood Sugar, Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, Kidney Status and Haemoglobin levels, all need to maintained within normal range to prevent it is onset and advancement
Several treatment options in the form if eye drops, laser therapy, injections and microsurgery are available in today’s modern era. However one must bear in mind that vision loss due to diabetes is only partially recoverable.
Like diabetes, diabetic retinopathy cannot be cured but can be controlled. Regular check up by a retina specialist at least once a year can help detect retinopathy at an early stage when vision has not been affected